Cancer occurs when cells in the body begin changing and multiplying out of control. These cells can form lumps of tissue called tumors. Cancer that starts in the pancreas is called pancreatic cancer.
Understanding the Pancreas
The pancreas is a gland (an organ that makes substances the body needs) located in the abdomen (stomach area). One of its jobs is to make pancreatic enzymes, which travel to the colon to help digest food. The pancreas also makes insulin, a hormone that helps control the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
When Pancreatic Cancer Forms
Pancreatic cancer forms when cells in the pancreas change and multiply abnormally. This cancer can interfere with the working of the pancreas and may invade nearby organs. Pancreatic cancer may also spread to other parts of the body. This spread is called metastasis. The more cancer spreads, the harder it is to treat.
Treatment Options for Pancreatic Cancer
You and your healthcare provider will discuss a treatment plan that's best for your needs. Treatment options may include:
- Surgery to remove the pancreas and sometimes surrounding tissue.
- Radiation therapy, which uses directed rays of energy to kill cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy, which uses strong medications to kill cancer cells.